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Une perspective mondiale dans le domaine des sciences, les technologies et l'innovation
Monitoring Research and Development (R&D)
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Monitoring Research and Development (R&D) 

Science,  technology and innovation (STI) is one of the main drivers of economic growth. Given the rapid pace of technological change, governments need reliable and precise data on research and development (R&D). The Frascati Manual, developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), is the global standard for collecting R&D statistics. However, the manual was specifically designed for only the most industrialized countries.

 

What is the role of the UIS?


The Institute has produced a series of guidelines and documents to better reflect the situation in developing countries, enabling them to apply concepts from the Frascati Manual to their particular needs and contexts.

 

The UIS produced a Technical Paper on Measuring R&D in Developing Countries, which was the result of a two-year consultation process. The document was presented to the OECD's Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) and included as an annex to the Frascati Manual.

 

These resources are based on consultations with national statisticians, policymakers and recognized experts, as well as regional networks and organizations (see links below) specializing in the collection of R&D statistics.

 Featured Content

文档
Measuring R&D: Challenges Faced by Developing Countries (UIS Technical Paper No. 5)
Frascati Manual (OECD): Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development
Meauring R&D in Developing Countries: Annex to the Frascati Manual
Revised field of science and technology (FOS) classification in the Frascati Manual (OECD)
Measuring R&D: Challenges Faced by Developing Countries (UIS Technical Paper No. 5)
Frascati Manual (OECD): Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development
Revised field of science and technology (FOS) classification in the Frascati Manual (OECD)
S&T data tables from 1999 UNESCO Statistical Yearbook
UNESCO World Science Report 2010
Meauring R&D in Developing Countries: Annex to the Frascati Manual
 

Progress to date

 

The most recent R&D statistics are now available in the UIS Data Centre, including data and indicators for 152 countries and territories. Key indicators include the human and financial resources devoted to R&D.

 

The update is based on new statistics collected through the UIS survey on R&D statistics 2012 and data collected from UIS partners, notably the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Union) and the Ibero-American Network of Science and Technology Indicators (RICYT).

 

The UIS works closely with these partners to guarantee alignment between their respective surveys. This harmonization is essential to ensure that data can be compared across countries in order to gain a global perspective on science and technology.

 

This survey is conducted on a biennial basis. The next R&D data release is expected in December 2013, when data collected through the African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) Initiative by the African Union (AU) NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) are available.

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