Science, technology and innovation (STI) is one of the main drivers of economic growth. Given the rapid pace of technological change, governments need reliable and precise data on research and development (R&D). The Frascati Manual, developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), is the global standard for collecting R&D statistics. However, the manual was specifically designed for only the most industrialized countries.
What is the role of the UIS?
The Institute has produced a series of guidelines and documents to better reflect the situation in developing countries, enabling them to apply concepts from the Frascati Manual to their particular needs and contexts.
In 2010, the UIS produced a technical paper on Measuring R&D in Developing Countries, which was the result of a two-year consultation process. The document was presented to the OECD's Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) and used as the basis for an annex to the Frascati Manual.
As a next step, the UIS produced a technical paper, Guide to Conducting an R&D Survey: For countries starting to measure research and experimental development, which provides information for countries in the early stages of developing a survey to collect data on R&D. The guide includes model questionnaires that can be adapted to the needs of countries in their survey practice.
These resources are based on consultations with national statisticians, policymakers and recognized experts, as well as regional networks and organizations (see links below) specializing in the collection of R&D statistics.