Sub-Saharan Africa faces the greatest challenge
Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for two-thirds of the new teachers needed by 2030 -- 6.2 million. This shortage is exacerbated by a steadily growing school-age population: for every 100 primary school- aged children in 2012 in the region, there will be 147 children in 2030. As a result, countries in the region not only have to fill almost 4 million vacant posts by 2030, but also create 2.3 million new teaching positions.
The cost of paying the salaries of the additional teachers required by 2020 totals an extra US$5.2 billion per year. Under pressure to fill gaps, many countries have recruited teachers who lack the necessary training. In one-third of countries with data, less than 75% of primary school teachers were trained according to national standards; and less than 50% in Angola, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and South Sudan.
As a result, the EFA Global Monitoring Report shows that, in 10 out of 29 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana and Liberia, the challenge of training existing teachers is greater than that of recruiting new teachers.